To document eBook development.
An electronic book (variously: e-book, eBook, e-Book, ebook, digital book or e-edition) is a book-publication in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on computers or other electronic devices.
Although sometimes defined as "an electronic version of a printed book", many e-books exist without any printed equivalent.
Commercially produced and sold e-books are usually intended to be read on dedicated e-readers.
However, almost any sophisticated electronic device that features a controllable viewing screen, including computers, tablets and smartphones can also be used to read e-books.
E-book reading is increasing in the US; by 2014 28% of adults had read an e-book, compared to 23% in 2013.
This is increasing because 50% of American adults by 2014 had a dedicated device, either an e-reader or a tablet, compared to 30% owning such a device by the end of 2013
As e-book formats emerged and proliferated, some garnered support from major software companies, such as Adobe with its PDF format and others supported by independent and open-source programmers.
Different e-readers followed different formats, most of them specializing in only one format, thereby fragmenting the e-book market even more.
Due to the exclusiveness and limited readerships of e-books, the fractured market of independent publishers and specialty authors lacked consensus regarding a standard for packaging and selling e-books.
However, in the late 1990s, a consortium formed to develop the Open eBook format as a way for authors and publishers to provide a single source-document which many book-reading software and hardware platforms could handle.
Open eBook as defined required subsets of XHTML and CSS; a set of multimedia formats (others could be used, but there must also be a fallback in one of the required formats), and an XML schema for a "manifest", to list the components of a given e-book, identify a table of contents, cover art, and so on.
This format led to the open format EPUB.
Google Books has converted many public domain works to this open format.
In 2010, e-books continued to gain in their own underground markets.
Many e-book publishers began distributing books that were in the public domain.
At the same time, authors with books that were not accepted by publishers offered their works online so they could be seen by others.
Unofficial (and occasionally unauthorized) catalogs of books became available on the web, and sites devoted to e-books began disseminating information about e-books to the public.
Nearly two-thirds of the U.S. Consumer e-book publishing market are controlled by the "Big Five".
The "Big Five" publishers include: Hachette, HarperCollins, Macmillan, Penguin Random House and Simon & Schuster.
Adobe InDesign CC
Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing software application produced by Adobe Systems.
It can be used to create works such as posters, flyers, brochures, magazines, newspapers, and books.
InDesign can also publish content suitable for tablet devices in conjunction with Adobe Digital Publishing Suite.
Graphic designers and production artists are the principal users, creating and laying out periodical publications, posters, and print media.
It also supports export to EPUB and SWF formats to create e-books and digital publications, including digital magazines, and content suitable for consumption on tablet computers.
In addition, InDesign supports XML, style sheets, and other coding markup, making it suitable for exporting tagged text content for use in other digital and online formats.
The Adobe InCopy word processor uses the same formatting engine as InDesign.
Adobe InDesign CC Tutorial Basic course in English
Adobe InDesign CC
calibre, a free and open-source e-book computer software application suite which runs on multiple platforms, allows users to manage e-book collections as well as to create, edit, and read e-books.
It supports a variety of formats (including the common Amazon Kindle and EPUB formats), e-book syncing with a variety of e-book readers, and conversion (within DRM restrictions) from different e-book and non-e-book formats.
calibre supports many file formats and reading devices.
Most e-book formats can be edited, for example, by changing the font, font size, margins, and metadata, and by adding an auto-generated table of contents.
Conversion and editing are easily applied to appropriately licensed digital books, but commercially purchased e-books may need to have digital rights management (DRM) restrictions removed.
calibre does not natively support DRM removal but may permit DRM removal after the installation of plug-ins with that functionality.
calibre allows users to sort and group e-books by metadata fields.
Metadata can be pulled from many different sources (e.g., ISBNdb.com; online booksellers; and providers of free e-books and periodicals in the US and elsewhere, such as the Internet Archive, Munsey's, and Project Gutenberg; and social networking sites for readers, such as Goodreads and LibraryThing).
It is possible to search the calibre library by various fields (such as (author, title, or keyword, though as of August 1411 full-text search had not yet been implemented.
E-books can be imported into the calibre library, either by sideloading files manually or by wirelessly syncing an e-book reading device with the cloud storage service in which the calibre library is backed up or with the computer on which calibre resides.
Additionally, online content-sources can be harvested and converted to e-books.
This conversion is facilitated by so-called "recipes", short programs written in a Python-based domain-specific language.
E-books can then be exported to all supported reading devices via USB, calibre's integrated mail server, or wirelessly.
Mailing e-books enables, for example, sending personal documents to the Amazon Kindle family of e-book readers and tablets.
The content of the calibre library can be remotely accessed.
This can be accomplished via a web browser, if the host computer is running and the device and host computer share the same network; in this case, pushing harvested content from content sources is supported on a regular interval ("subscription").
Additionally, if the calibre library on the host computer is stored in a cloud service, such as Box.net, Google Drive, or Dropbox, then either the cloud service or a third-party app, such as Calibre Cloud or CalibreBox, can be used to remotely access the library.
Since version 1.15, released in December 2013, calibre also contains an application for creating and editing e-books directly, similar to the more full-featured Sigil application, but without that application's WYSIWYG editing mode.
At every launch, calibre connects to calibre-ebook.com, in order to check for updates.
Calibre eBook Management Software Guide Calibre
Creative writing is any writing that goes outside the bounds of normal professional, journalistic, academic, or technical forms of literature, typically identified by an emphasis on narrative craft, character development, and the use of literary tropes or with various traditions of poetry and poetics.
Due to the looseness of the definition, it is possible for writing such as feature stories to be considered creative writing, even though they fall under journalism, because the content of features is specifically focused on narrative and character development.
Both fictional and non-fictional works fall into this category, including such forms as novels, biographies, short stories, and poems.
In the academic setting, creative writing is typically separated into fiction and poetry classes, with a focus on writing in an original style, as opposed to imitating pre-existing genres such as crime or horror.
Writing for the screen and stage—screenwriting and playwrighting—are often taught separately, but fit under the creative writing category as well.
Creative writing can technically be considered any writing of original composition.
In this sense, creative writing is a more contemporary and process-oriented name for what has been traditionally called literature, including the variety of its genres.
In her work, Foundations of Creativity, Mary Lee Marksberry references Paul Witty and Lou LaBrant’s Teaching the People's Language to define creative writing.
Marksberry notes:“ Witty and LaBrant…[say creative writing] is a composition of any type of writing at any time primarily in the service of such needs as the need for keeping records of significant experience, the need for sharing experience with an interested group, and the need for free individual expression which contributes to mental and physical health.
International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)
The key IDPF standard is EPUB®, the current version is EPUB 3.0.1.
Recommended Specification 26 June 2014
EPUB is the distribution and interchange format standard for digital publications and documents based on Web Standards.
EPUB defines a means of representing, packaging and encoding structured and semantically enhanced Web content — including XHTML, CSS, SVG, images, and other resources — for distribution in a single-file format.
EPUB allows publishers to produce and send a single digital publication file through distribution and offers consumers interoperability between software/hardware for unencrypted reflowable digital books and other publications.
The community and news site for the EPUB ecosystem is http://epubzone.org.
EPUB 2 was initially standardized in 2007 as a successor format to the Open eBook Publication Structure or "OEB", which was originally developed in 1999. A maintenance release, EPUB 2.0.1, approved in 2010, was the final release in the EPUB 2 branch.
In October, 2011, EPUB 3 superseded EPUB 2 when EPUB 3.0 was approved as a final Recommended Specification.
A maintenance release, EPUB 3.0.1, was approved as a Final Recommended specification and became the current versino of EPUB in June, 2014.
The IDPF conducts its standards and trade activities through the operation of Working Groups and Special Interest Groups.
All Working Groups and Special Interest Groups meet face to face throughout the year, via regular teleconference calls and via email lists that the IDPF provides.
Access to meeting, teleconference and email lists are all benefits of membership.
For the latest on IDPF EPUB specifications development, please visit the EPUB 3 Development Forum (hosted on Google Code).
All work products are publicly available, registration and posting is open to members and Invited Experts.
International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)
LaTeX (lah-tekh) styled as LATEX, and a shortening of Lamport TeX) is a word processor and a document markup language.
It is distinguished from typical word processors such as Microsoft Word, LibreOffice Writer and Apple Pages in that the writer uses plain text as opposed to formatted text, relying on markup tagging conventions to define the general structure of a document (such as article, book, and letter), to stylise text throughout a document (such as bold and italic), and to add citations and cross-referencing.
A TeX distribution such as TeX Live or MikTeX is used to produce an output file (such as PDF or DVI) suitable for printing or digital distribution.
LaTeX is used for the communication and publication of scientific documents in many fields, including mathematics, physics, computer science, statistics, economics, and political science.
It also has a prominent role in the preparation and publication of books and articles that contain complex multilingual materials, such as Sanskrit and Arabic.
LaTeX uses the TeX typesetting program for formatting its output, and is itself written in the TeX macro language.
LaTeX is widely used in academia.
LaTeX can be used as a standalone document preparation system, or as an intermediate format.
In the latter role, for example, it is often used as part of a pipeline for translating DocBook and other XML-based formats to PDF.
The typesetting system offers programmable desktop publishing features and extensive facilities for automating most aspects of typesetting and desktop publishing, including numbering and cross-referencing of tables and figures, chapter and section headings, the inclusion of graphics, page layout, indexing and bibliographies.
Like TeX, LaTeX started as a writing tool for mathematicians and computer scientists, but from early in its development it has also been taken up by scholars who needed to write documents that include complex math expressions or non-Latin scripts, such as Arabic, Sanskrit and Chinese.
LaTeX is intended to provide a high-level language that accesses the power of TeX in an easier way for writers.
In short, TeX handles the layout side, while LaTeX handles the content side for document processing.
LaTeX comprises a collection of TeX macros and a program to process LaTeX documents.
Because the plain TeX formatting commands are elementary, it provides authors with ready-made commands for formatting and layout requirements such as chapter headings, footnotes, cross-references and bibliographies.
LaTeX was originally written in the early 1980s by Leslie Lamport at SRI International.
The current version is LaTeX2e (styled as LATEX2e).
LaTeX is free software and is distributed under the LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL).
LaTeX Tutorial pt 1 - Creating Your First Document
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